With the evolution of electric vehicles, electric charging becomes a an important aspect. Electric charger can vary in terms of connector types, power rating as per the vehicle specification. To recharge, they are directly plugged into a source of electric power through Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). The safety features built in to all electric vehicles and charging equipment allows it to operate and recharge in all types of indoor and outdoor conditions. Such as rain, snow, and other harsh enivronments.
How do i plug – in?
The easiest and most convenient way to charge your vehicle is at home, if you have the space to park near an electric outlet or can fix a new outlet near your parking spot. Reports shows that an average EV driver does 80% of charging at home. It comes in a standard way where the car is connected with a EV plug where the other end is of the cord is connected to an existing outlet.
Home charging comes as on option of 120 volt or 240 volt circuit (like an electric grinder uses). Since most seen common practice is usage 120 volt charging cord and outlet, it is considered as likely the cheapest and easiest option. Most of the manufacturers are likely to provide a free home charge point as part of a new car purchase, since they have a tie-up with the charge point suppliers.
Types of charging.
Ev chargers mainly comes in 3 types according to their power outputs and charging speeds.
1. Level 1 (Home chargers): Level 1 charging uses a 120 volt plug which can be plugged into a standard outlet. It is the most method, which can be used to charge the car overnight. Unlike other chargers, level 1 do not require installation of any additional equipment. They are the least expensive EVSE option, but they are time consuming. A couple hours of charging will deliver about 6 to 15 km of distance range. Overnight level 1 charging is sutibale only for low and medum range plug in hybrids and for electric battery ev drivers with less daily driving usage.
2. Level 2 (Home and public chargers): Level 2 charging are used for both residential and commercial charging stations. They comes in a 240 V (for residential) or a 208 (for commercial) plug. The charging rate depends upon the vehicle’s acceptance rate and the maximum current available. Unlike level 1, they can’t be directly plugged into a standard outlet. Instead, they are installed by a professional electrician without affecting the other electrical loads. Level 2 chargers are most used in public places such as offices, grocery stores, restaurant parkings. And other garages. They can deliver an estimate of 20 to 40 km of range per hour, and they can fully charge an electric car battery with little as three to four hours, making and ideal type to homeowners, employers and other peoples who need fast charging in a short time span.
3. DC Fast Charger/Level 3. DC fast charging is also known as Level 3 or CHAdeMO charging stations, they are the fastest charging option available currently. They can typically charge a car in 20 minutes which delivers an range of 80km to 150 km. However, they are typically used in only commercial and industrial applications, because they require highly specialed, powered quipment to install and maintain.
They comes in 3 different types, the CHAdeMO which is mainly used by Japanese automobile makers, the SAE CCS ports: used by European and American makers and the Tesla Supercharger standars, which is only compatible with Tesla Model S or later vehicles. Several EVSE manufacturers are developing connectors to increase compatibility.