Government had an ambitious vision to make India completely run on electric vehicles by the
end of 2030 but as the road blocks are many, the target is now down to 30%. Industrial slow
down and sudden loss in jobs were among the primary reason for such a cut-down. The new plan
now is to completely electrify both the two-wheeler and three-wheeler categories by the end of
the year 2025.
The root causes of such a drastic step are:
1. To control pollution thereby sticking on to the various international environment pacts that
India is a part of
2. To capitalize on the emerging market and get it in line with the make in India initiative.
India aims to become a global manufacturing hub for electric vehicles in the near future by out
running competitors like china, but it is easier said than done as china currently is on the top of
the electric car manufacturing front. India can learn a few things from China to leverage up on
the dream, like placing a cap on the number of conventional combustion vehicles being produced
or forcing the car manufacturers to ensure that a specific number of zero-emission vehicles are
rolled out every single year.
The major steps that had been taken by the India government on fulfilling the pledge includes
1. Setting up charging stations in government offices, malls and neighborhoods with the help of
private and government power companies.
2. Rolling out of more than 10000 charging stations across the nation over the next two years.
3. Encouraging car manufacturers to develop and market zero-emission vehicles for private and
4. Phasing out of old and polluting public transport systems and replacing it with electric-
5. Enhancing battery swapping stations and encouraging home delivery services to use electric
vehicles for parcel delivery
6. Providing incentives and tax benefits for consumers who are switching to electric vehicles.
7. A joint venture between government research centers and private firms for developing
advanced technology such as battery packages, engines, and transmission systems.
8. Setting up of manufacturing and production hubs for electric vehicles
9. Encouraging foreign direct investments in areas of research and facilitating technology
10. Strict guidelines and policies regarding usage and disposal of conventional fossil fuel-